Een dedicated server is de server die men huurt inclusief plaatsing in een datacentrum of een serverruimte van een provider. De klant huurt de computer hardware inclusief besturingssysteem, colocatie met plaatsing en bandbreedte en in het geval van een managed dedicated server ook de beheerdiensten.
Dedicated hosting services primarily differ from managed hosting services in that managed hosting services usually offer more support and other services. As such, managed hosting is targeted towards clients with less technical knowledge, whereas dedicated hosting services, or unmanaged hosting services, are suitable for web development and system administrator professionals.
To date, no industry standards have been set to clearly define the management role of dedicated server providers. What this means is that each provider will use industry standard terms, but each provider will define them differently. For some dedicated server providers, fully managed is defined as having a web based control panel while other providers define it as having dedicated system engineers readily available to handle all server and network related functions of the dedicated server provider.
Server management can include some or all of the following:
|pplication server||Hosts web apps (computer programs that run inside a web browser) allowing users in the network to run and use them, without having to install a copy on their own computers. Unlike what the name might imply, these servers need not be part of the world wide web; any local network would do.||Computers with a web browser|
|Catalog server||Maintains an index or table of contents of information that can be found across a large distributed network, such as computers, users, files shared on file servers, and web apps.Directory servers and name servers are examples of catalog servers.||Any computer program that needs to find something on the network, such a Domain member attempting to log in, anemail client looking for an email address, or a user looking for a file|
|Communications server||Maintains an environment needed for one communication endpoint (user or devices) to find other endpoints and communicate with them. It may or may not include a directory of communication endpoints and a presence detection service, depending on the openness and security parameters of the network||Communication endpoints (users or devices)|
|Computing server||Shares vast amounts of computing resources, especially CPU and random-access memory, over a network.||Any computer program that needs more CPU power and RAM than a personal computer can probably afford. The client must be a networked computer; otherwise, there would be no client–server model.|
|Database server||Maintains and shares any form of database (organized collections of data with predefined properties that may be displayed in a table) over a network.||Spreadsheets, accounting software, asset management software or virtually any computer program that consumes well-organized data, especially in large volumes|
|Fax server||Shares one or more fax machines over a network, thus eliminating the hassle of physical access||Any fax sender or recipient|
|File server||Shares files and folder, storage space to hold files and folders, or both, over a network||Networked computers are the intended clients, even though local programs can be clients|
|Game server||Enables several computers or gaming devices to play multiplayer games||Personal computers or gaming consoles|
|Mail server||Makes email communication possible in the same way that a post office makes snail mailcommunication possible||Senders and recipients of email|
|Media server||Shares digital video or digital audio over a network through media streaming (transmitting content in a way that portions received can be watched or listened as they arrive, as opposed downloading a whole huge file and then using it)||User-attended personal computers equipped with a monitor and a speaker|
|Print server||Shares one of more printers over a network, thus eliminating the hassle of physical access||Computers in need of printing something|
|Sound server||Enables computer programs of a computer to play sound and record sound, individually or cooperatively||Computer programs of the same computer|
|Proxy server||Acts as an intermediary between a client and a server, accepting incoming traffic from the client and sending it to the server. Reasons for doing so includes content control and filtering, improving traffic performance, preventing unauthorized network access or simply routing the traffic over a large and complex network.||Any networked computer|
|Web server||Hosts web pages. A web server is what makes world wide web possible. Each website has one or more web servers.||Computers with a web browser|